Carissa bispinosa (L.) Desf. ex Brenan
subsp. bispinosa
var. bispinosa

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Carissa bispinosa subsp. bispinosa var. bispinosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle, kopje behind hotel

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Synonyms: Carissa arduina Lam.
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Botswana distribution: N,SE
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Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 114. As Carissa bispinosa bispinosa (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 793. As Carissa bispinosa subsp. bispinosa (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 7. As Carissa bispinosa bispinosa

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268. As Carissa bispinosa bispinosa

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 403 - 404. As Carissa bispinosa bispinosa

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 18.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 25.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 43.

Other sources of information about Carissa bispinosa subsp. bispinosa var. bispinosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Carissa bispinosa subsp. bispinosa var. bispinosa
Flora of Mozambique: Carissa bispinosa subsp. bispinosa var. bispinosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Carissa bispinosa subsp. bispinosa var. bispinosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Carissa bispinosa
African Plant Database: Carissa bispinosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Carissa bispinosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Carissa bispinosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Carissa bispinosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Carissa bispinosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Carissa bispinosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Carissa bispinosa
iNaturalist: Carissa bispinosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Carissa bispinosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Carissa bispinosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Carissa bispinosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Carissa bispinosa
Plants of the World Online: Carissa bispinosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Carissa bispinosa
Tropicos: Carissa bispinosa
Wikipedia: Carissa bispinosa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Carissa bispinosa subsp. bispinosa var. bispinosa.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144920, retrieved 16 September 2019

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