Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
var. nodiflora

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Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora

Photo: Riana Fourie

Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora

Photo: Riana Fourie

Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora

Photo: Riana Fourie

Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora

Photo: Riana Fourie

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Blairia nodiflora (L.) Gaertn.
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Rich. var. repens (Bertol.) Schauer
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Rich. var. sarmentosa (Willd.) Schauer
Verbena capitata Forssk.
Verbena nodiflora L.
Zapania nodiflora (L.) Lam.
Common names: Frogfruit (English) Matchweed (English) Sawtooth (English) Turkey tangle (English)
Status: Native
Prostrate perennial with long trailing stems growing from a woody taproot. Leaves opposite, somewhat fleshy, obovate or spathulate, coarsely serrate in the apical half. Inflorescence in dense, many-flowered, ovoid spikes on long peduncles. Corolla pale mauve-pink to white, often yellowish in the throat.
Derivation of specific name: nodiflora: with flowers (inflorescences) borne at the nodes.
Habitat: A species of river banks, floodplains, margins of pans and swamps, and along dams and lakes.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in the tropics, subtropics and warm temperate regions; specifically frequent in tropical Africa
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 20 February 2020

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 175. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 29. As Phyla nodiflora nodiflora

Fernandes, R. (2005). Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 41 - 44. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 424. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 298. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 102.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 424 - 425. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 110. As: Phyla nodiflora

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 228.

Other sources of information about Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora
Flora of Malawi: Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora
Flora of Mozambique: Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora
Flora of Zambia: Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora
Flora of Zimbabwe: Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phyla nodiflora
African Plant Database: Phyla nodiflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phyla nodiflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phyla nodiflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phyla nodiflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Phyla nodiflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phyla nodiflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Phyla nodiflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phyla nodiflora
Plants of the World Online: Phyla nodiflora
Tropicos: Phyla nodiflora
Wikipedia: Phyla nodiflora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora., retrieved 20 May 2024

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