Limnophila indica (L.) Druce

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Limnophila indica

Photo: Alistair Hull
Chitsanga river, Matusadona National Park

Limnophila indica

Photo: Alistair Hull
Chitsanga river, Matusadona National Park

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Synonyms: Ambulia baumii Engl. & Gilg
Hottonia indica L.
Limnophila gratioloides R. Br.
Common names:
Amphibious perennial herb. Aerial stems tall; leaves whorled and variously dissected; subterranean stems to 1 m, glabrous; leaves in whorls of 6-12. pinnatisect with lobes flattened or capillary. Pedicels 3.5-10 mm, usually longer than the subtending leaves. Corolla 8-12 mm, white to pale yellow or yellow at base of tube and mauve-pink above.
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout the Old World tropics
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 44.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 104.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 225.

Other sources of information about Limnophila indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Limnophila indica
Flora of Malawi: Limnophila indica
Flora of Mozambique: Limnophila indica
Flora of Zambia: Limnophila indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Limnophila indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Limnophila indica
African Plant Database: Limnophila indica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Limnophila indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Limnophila indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Limnophila indica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Limnophila indica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Limnophila indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Limnophila indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Limnophila indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Limnophila indica
Ispot Southern Africa: Limnophila indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Limnophila indica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Limnophila indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Limnophila indica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Limnophila indica
Tropicos: Limnophila indica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Limnophila indica., retrieved 24 April 2018

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