Harpagophytum procumbens (Burch.) DC. ex Meisn.
subsp. transvaalense Ihlenf. & H.E.K. Hartmann

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Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. transvaalense

Photo: Mark Hyde

Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. transvaalense

Photo: Darrel Plowes

Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. transvaalense

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Limpopo Valley 35 km north of Beitbridge

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Common names: Devil's claw (English) Grapple plant (English)
Status: Native
Perennial herb with prostrate stems. Leaves pinnately lobed. Flowers purple with yellow inside throat. Fruit with 4 rows of curved arms bearing recurved spines; total diameter of fruit up to 15 cm.
Derivation of specific name: procumbens: with stems lying along the ground; procumbent; transvaalensis: from the Transvaal in South Africa
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, southern Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Botswana distribution: SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Botswana Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 19. As Harpagophytum procumbens

Ihlenfeldt, H.-D. (1988). Pedaliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 111 - 113. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 321. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 66.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 91.

Other sources of information about Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. transvaalense:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. transvaalense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Harpagophytum procumbens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Harpagophytum procumbens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Harpagophytum procumbens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Harpagophytum procumbens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Harpagophytum procumbens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Harpagophytum procumbens
JSTOR Plant Science: Harpagophytum procumbens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Harpagophytum procumbens
Plants of the World Online: Harpagophytum procumbens
Tropicos: Harpagophytum procumbens
Wikipedia: Harpagophytum procumbens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. transvaalense.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=152480, retrieved 17 June 2024

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