Dicerocaryum senecioides (Klotzsch) Abels

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Dicerocaryum senecioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Twentydales Extension, Epworth, Harare

Dicerocaryum senecioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Twentydales Extension, Epworth, Harare

Dicerocaryum senecioides

Photo: Rob Burrett
Matopo Mission, Eastern Matobo

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Synonyms: Dicerocaryum zanguebarium sensu Stapf
Pretrea artemisiaefolia Klotzsch
Pretrea forbesii Decne.
Pretrea loasifolia Klotzsch
Pretrea senecioides Klotzsch
Common names: Boot protectors (English) Devil thorn (English) Stud plant (English)
Status: Native
Prostrate perennial with annual creeping stems, occurring almost throughout Zimbabwe. Stems almost hairless or somewhat pubescent. Leaves opposite, usually narrowly ovate in outline, up to 2.7 cm long, often more or less deeply pinnately lobed; margin coarsely crenate-serrate. Flowers solitary, axillary, very pale to deep pink or mauve, usually with darker spots on the lower lip and in the throat. Fruit broadly elliptic in outline, 16-27 mm long, hairless or slightly pubescent, with 2 erect spines on a distinctly raised upper surface.
Derivation of specific name: senecioides: resembling a Senecio, reference unclear.
Habitat: Favouring bare ground and poor soils and thus forming a good prevention against soil erosion.
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa
Botswana distribution: SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Pages 186 - 187. also as Dicerocaryum forbesii (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13. As Dicerocaryum senecioides senecioides

Ihlenfeldt, H.-D. (1988). Pedaliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 107 - 108. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 66.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 121, plate 162

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 91.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 27.

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 100. as Dicerocaryum zanguebarium (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Dicerocaryum senecioides:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Dicerocaryum senecioides
Flora of Mozambique: Dicerocaryum senecioides
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dicerocaryum senecioides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dicerocaryum senecioides
African Plant Database: Dicerocaryum senecioides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dicerocaryum senecioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dicerocaryum senecioides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dicerocaryum senecioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Dicerocaryum senecioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dicerocaryum senecioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Dicerocaryum senecioides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dicerocaryum senecioides
Plants of the World Online: Dicerocaryum senecioides
Tropicos: Dicerocaryum senecioides
Wikipedia: Dicerocaryum senecioides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Dicerocaryum senecioides.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=152610, retrieved 28 May 2024

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