Crabbea cirsioides (Nees) Nees

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Crabbea cirsioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Rukotso, Nyanga

Crabbea cirsioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Rukotso, Nyanga

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Synonyms: Crabbea angustifolia Nees
Crabbea hirsuta Harv.
Crabbea ovalifolia Ficalho & Hiern
Crabbea robusta C.B. Clarke
Crabbea undulatifolia Engl.
Ruellia circioides Nees
Common names: Prickle head (English)
Status: Native
Perennial herb with trailing stems and swollen roots. The whole plant is covered with hairs. Leaves sessile, elliptic to ovate. Inflorescences densely clustered, subsessile. Flowers white with a yellow centre, borne amongst large leaf-like bracts with spiny margins.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In grassland, woodland and rocky slopes, often on sandy or stony soils.
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Eswatini and South Africa.
Botswana distribution: SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 190. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10.

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 17 - 18.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 386 - 387. as Crabbea angustifolia (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 41. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 13. as Crabbea hirsuta

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 198 - 199. as Crabbea hirsuta (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 32 - 33. as Crabbea hirsuta; also as C. angustifolia and C. ovalifolia (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Crabbea cirsioides:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Crabbea cirsioides
Flora of Mozambique: Crabbea cirsioides
Flora of Zambia: Crabbea cirsioides
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crabbea cirsioides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crabbea cirsioides
African Plant Database: Crabbea cirsioides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crabbea cirsioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crabbea cirsioides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crabbea cirsioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Crabbea cirsioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crabbea cirsioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Crabbea cirsioides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crabbea cirsioides
Plants of the World Online: Crabbea cirsioides
Tropicos: Crabbea cirsioides
Wikipedia: Crabbea cirsioides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Crabbea cirsioides., retrieved 25 May 2024

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