Ruspolia australis (Milne-Redh.) Vollesen

Images: None on this site.

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ruspolia hypocrateriformis (Vahl) Milne-Redh. subsp. australis Milne-Redh.
Common names:
Scrambling or decumbent shrub to 4m tall; plant drying black. Leaves opposite, ovate to elliptic, largest 7-14 cm long, narrowed below into a decurrent base, hairless or sparsely hairy; petiole ill-defined, to 2 cm long. Flowers borne in 3-7-flowered cymules forming dense cymes, 2-6 cm long; lower nodes in inflorescence to 1(-2) cm long. Inflorescence axis bearing curly hairs, without any stalked capitate glands. Calyx 5-9 mm long, curly-hairy. Corolla bright red with darker spots towards the centre and on the outside of the lobes with scattered stalked capitate glands but no hairs; tube linear, 2-3 cm long; lobes elliptic, 7-12 mm long. Capsule 3.8-4.8 cm long. Inner surface of the seed smooth.
Derivation of specific name: australis: southern
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 134 - 135.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 274. As Ruspolia hypocrateriformis australis

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 388 - 389. as Ruspolia hypocrateriformis var. australis (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14. as Ruspolia hypocrateriformis var. australis

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 131, plate 172

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 78 - 79. as Ruspolia hypocrateriformis (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 612 - 613. as Ruspolia hypocrateriformis var. australis (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 19. as Ruspolia hypocrateriformis australis

Other sources of information about Ruspolia australis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Ruspolia australis
Flora of Mozambique: Ruspolia australis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ruspolia australis
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Ruspolia australis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ruspolia australis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ruspolia australis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ruspolia australis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ruspolia australis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ruspolia australis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ruspolia australis
JSTOR Plant Science: Ruspolia australis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ruspolia australis
Plants of the World Online: Ruspolia australis
Tropicos: Ruspolia australis
Wikipedia: Ruspolia australis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Ruspolia australis., retrieved 26 May 2024

Site software last modified: 2 April 2018 9:51pm
Terms of use