Tarenna luteola (Stapf) Bremek.

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Tarenna luteola

Photo: Helen Pickering
Livingstone: drive past Bakota Sky (Sichinga Road 1974 map) about 500m further on, follow small bicycle path to the left for about 100m, on right

Tarenna luteola

Photo: Helen Pickering
Livingstone: drive past Bakota Sky (Sichinga Road 1974 map) about 500m further on, follow small bicycle path to the left for about 100m, on right

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Pavetta luteola Stapf
Common names: Velvet-leaved butterspoon (English)
Status: Native
Deciduous shrub or small tree, up to 4 m tall, sometimes scrambling or climbing. Bark grey to brownish, often cracking and peeling; branchlets at opposite right angles or even bending backwards, occasionally spine-tipped near the base. Leaves opposite and often clustered at the ends of side branches, obovate to elliptic, up to 8.5 × 3.5 cm, softly velvety, particularly below; petiole 2-4 mm long; stipules hairy. Flowers in axillary and terminal heads, creamy-white. Fruit almost round, fleshy, c. 7 mm in diameter, crowned with the remains of the calyx, forming a conspicuous, whitish hairy ring.
Derivation of specific name: luteola: yellowish
Habitat: In hot and dry river valleys and "jesse" bush.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Caprivi-Namibia, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 5 October 2015

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 606 - 608. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 1008. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 611.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 274.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 99.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 224.

Other sources of information about Tarenna luteola:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Tarenna luteola
Flora of Mozambique: Tarenna luteola
Flora of Zambia: Tarenna luteola
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tarenna luteola

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tarenna luteola
African Plant Database: Tarenna luteola
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tarenna luteola
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tarenna luteola
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tarenna luteola
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tarenna luteola
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tarenna luteola
JSTOR Plant Science: Tarenna luteola
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tarenna luteola
Plants of the World Online: Tarenna luteola
Tropicos: Tarenna luteola
Wikipedia: Tarenna luteola

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Tarenna luteola.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155220, retrieved 25 June 2024

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