Habenaria kilimanjari Rchb.f.

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Habenaria kilimanjari

Photo: Féfé Pellacani
Chobe Enclave,northern Botswana

Habenaria kilimanjari

Photo: Féfé Pellacani
Chobe Enclave,northern Botswana

Habenaria kilimanjari

Photo: Féfé Pellacani
Chobe Enclave,northern Botswana

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria lutaria Schltr.
Habenaria martialis Rchb. f.
Habenaria theodorii Kraenzl.
Habenaria uhligii Kraenzl.
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, up to 90 cm tall, growing from ovoid or ellipsoid tubers 1-2.5 cm long. Leaves 7-13 along the stem, lowermost sheathing, middle ones spreading, linear-lanceolate, largest 6.5-21 cm long. Inflorescence laxly to fairly densely several- to many-flowered, 4-37 cm long. Flowers white with the spur green towards the apex. Dorsal sepal and lateral sepals reflexed. Petals 2-lobed almost to the base, lobes oblanceolate, sometimes toothed in the upper half. Lip 3-lobed almost to the base; mid-lobe 5-9 mm long; side lobes 3-5 mm long, all linear. Spur pendent, 13-18 mm long, slender, swollen at the apex.
Notes: Only very recently recorded from Botswana for the first time (February 2017).
Derivation of specific name: kilimanjari: of Mt Kilimanjaro,where the type specimen was found.
Habitat: In damp grassland or marshland, in sandy soil.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Botswana and Caprivi-Namibia.
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 14 March 2017

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 326.

Bytebier, B. & Manneimer, C. (2016). Habenaria kilimanjari newly recorded for Namibia. Bothalia 46(1) Pages 1 - 2. online http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/abc.v46i1.2107 (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 98.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 72.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 136.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1962). African orchids XXVIII Kew Bulletin 16(2) Page 284.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 49 - 51. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria kilimanjari:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Habenaria kilimanjari
Flora of Malawi: Habenaria kilimanjari
Flora of Mozambique: Habenaria kilimanjari
Flora of Zambia: Habenaria kilimanjari

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria kilimanjari
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria kilimanjari
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria kilimanjari
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria kilimanjari
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria kilimanjari
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria kilimanjari
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria kilimanjari
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria kilimanjari
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria kilimanjari
Tropicos: Habenaria kilimanjari
Wikipedia: Habenaria kilimanjari

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Habenaria kilimanjari.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=208960, retrieved 24 April 2024

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