Adenium oleifolium Stapf

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Adenium oleifolium

Photo: Amanda Mileson
c. 14 kms SW of Upington, Northern Cape, South Africa

Adenium oleifolium

Photo: Amanda Mileson
c. 14 kms SW of Upington, Northern Cape, South Africa

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Synonyms: Adenium lugardii N.E. Br.
Adenium oleifolium Stapf var. angustifolium Phillips
Adenium somalense Balf.f. var. angustifolium (Phillips) Rowley
Common names:
Status: Native
Succulent shrub up to 40 cm high, forming a dense mass of rather fleshy leaves and stems, with an underground rootstock. Leaves sessile; lamina linear to very narrowly obovate, glaucous or green, shiny above, glabrous, dull beneath, pubescent. Flowers usually appearing with the leaves. Corolla bright scarlet or red to pink; tube yellowish; lobes apiculate. Fruit pale grey, 10-11.5 × 1 cm. Seeds with tufts of hairs.
Notes: Threatened by harvesting for traditional medicinal purposes.
Derivation of specific name: oleifolium: with leaves like an olive tree (Olea).
Habitat: On loose sandy or rocky soils in bushland.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Namibia, Botswana and South Africa.
Botswana distribution: SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 21 August 2016

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Botswana Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 18.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Page 467.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 25.

Other sources of information about Adenium oleifolium:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Adenium oleifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Adenium oleifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Adenium oleifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Adenium oleifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Adenium oleifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adenium oleifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Adenium oleifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Adenium oleifolium
Plants of the World Online: Adenium oleifolium
Tropicos: Adenium oleifolium
Wikipedia: Adenium oleifolium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Adenium oleifolium., retrieved 18 July 2024

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