Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Poales

Juncaceae - Rush family

Carter, S. (1966) Juncaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Obermeyer, A.A. (1985) Juncaceae Flora of Southern Africa 4(2)

Description of the family

Annual or perennial herbs. Roots fibrous. Leaves grass-like or cylindric, sheathing at the base. Inflorescence terminal, umbellate or paniculate, the flowers solitary or in capitula; bracts leaf-like, scarious or membranous; bracteoles sometimes present. Flowers bisexual. Perianth segments 6, in two series, subequal, green or brown, usually membranous at the edges. Stamens 3 or 6. Carpels 3, joined; ovary superior, 1- or 3-locular; stigmas 3. Fruit a many-seeded loculicidal capsule.

Worldwide: 7 genera and 430 species in temperate and cold areas of the world and on mountains in the tropics.

Botswana: 1 genus and 3 taxa.

Juncus oxycarpus

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Juncus L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Juncaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Juncaceae
Flora of Malawi: Juncaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Juncaceae
Flora of Zambia: Juncaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Juncaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Juncaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Juncaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Juncaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Juncaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Juncaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Juncaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Juncaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Juncaceae
Wikipedia: Juncaceae
Plants of the World Online: Juncaceae
Tropicos: Juncaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Family page: Juncaceae.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=112, retrieved 25 May 2024

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