Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Fabales

Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae - Legume family

Leguminosae subfam. Papilionoideae


Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2007) Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3)

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002) Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5)

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7)

Schrire, B.D. (2012) Papilionoideae-Indigofereae Flora Zambesiaca 3(4) 1-245

Verdcourt, B. (2000) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6)

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs, climbers or, most often, herbs. Leaves alternate, most often pinnate or pinnately 3-foliolate, less often digitately 3-foliolate, occasionally 1-foliolate, simple or digitate; pulvinus always present at the base of each leaflet, and usually present at base of petiole. Inflorescences of racemes or panicles, less often umbellate, capitate or spicate. Flowers zygomorphic, papilionaceous, with a large, often erect, adaxial petal (standard), two lateral petals (wings) parallel with each other, and two lower petals, which are often connate by their lower margins to form a keel. Sepals united at base. Petals imbricate in bud. Stamens usually 10, rarely fewer, either all fused (monadelphous) or 1 free and 9 fused (diadelphous) or rarely all free. Pods various. Seeds without areoles.

Worldwide: 313 genera and 8,100 species, cosmopolitan.

Botswana: 51 genera and 228 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Abrus Adans.Description, Image
Aeschynomene L.Description
Alistylus N.E. Br.Description
Alysicarpus Desv.Description, Image
Baphia Afzel. ex G. Lodd.Description
Bobgunnia J.H. Kirkbr. & WiersemaDescription
Bolusanthus HarmsDescription
Bolusia Benth.Description
Crotalaria L.Description, Image
Cullen Medik.Description
Cyamopsis DC.Description
Dalbergia L.f.Description
Decorsea R. Vig.Description, Image
Desmodium Desv.Description
Dichilus DC.Description
Dolichos L.Description
Eminia Taub.Description
Eriosema (DC.) Rchb.Description
Erythrina L.Description
Grona Lour.Image
Indigastrum Jaub. & SpachDescription
Indigofera L.Description
Lablab Adans.Description
Lebeckia Thunb.Description
Lessertia DC.Description
Lotononis (DC.) Eckl. & Zeyh.Description
Macroptilium (Benth.) Urb.Description, Image
Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.Description
Medicago L.Description
Melolobium Eckl. & Zeyh.Description
Microcharis Benth.Description
Mundulea (DC.) Benth.Description, Image
Neonotonia J.A. LackeyDescription
Neorautanenia SchinzDescription
Ormocarpum P. Beauv.Description
Otoptera DC.Description
Philenoptera Fenzl ex A. Rich.Description
Pleurolobus J.St.-Hil.Image
Pterocarpus Jacq.Description
Ptycholobium HarmsDescription
Requienia DC.Description
Rhynchosia Lour.Description
Sesbania Scop.Description
Stylosanthes Sw.Description, Image
Sutherlandia R. Br. ex W.T. AitonDescription, Image
Tephrosia Pers.Description
Vigna SaviDescription
Wajira Thulin
Xanthocercis Baill.Description
Xeroderris RobertyDescription
Zornia J.F. Gmel.Description

Other sources of information about Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Caprivi: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Malawi: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Mozambique: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zambia: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
JSTOR Plant Science: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Wikipedia: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Plants of the World Online: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae
Tropicos: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Family page: Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=165, retrieved 21 July 2024

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