3669.000 Crotalaria L.

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7)

Description of the genus

Herbs, shrubs or rarely small trees (capensis and pallidicaulis). Stipules filiform to leaf-like, or 0. Leaves simple, 1-foliolate or digitately 3(-7)-foliolate, usually petiolate. Flowers usually yellow, variously marked, less often white or blue, usually in terminal leaf-opposed or less commonly axillary racemes or heads; bract and paired bracteoles usually present. Calyx usually with 5 subequal lobes. Standard usually with 2 appendages at the base inside; keel rounded to angled, generally with a well-developed beak. Stamens joined in a sheath; anthers arranged alternately with 5 long, basifixed and 5, smaller, dorsifixed. Style curved or geniculate, usually with 1-2 lines of hairs in the upper part, the basal portion thicker than the upper. Legume usually inflated, 1-many seeded.

Worldwide: 600 species throughout the tropics (and subtropics), most numerous in eastern and southern tropical Africa

Botswana: 31 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Alytarchia amanda (Cheetah)
Azygophleps scalaris (Sesbania stem borer)
Coeliades pisistratus (Two-pip policeman)
Crotalaria laburnifolia subsp. laburnifolia

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
barkae Schweinf. subsp. barkae N,SE
barnabassii Dinter ex Baker f.SE
burkeana Benth.SE
damarensis Engl.N,SEDescription
dinteri SchinzN,SW
distans Benth. subsp. mediocris PolhillN,SE
eremicola Baker f. subsp. eremicola SE
eremicola Baker f. subsp. parviflora PolhillSE
flavicarinata Baker f.NDescription, Image
heidmannii SchinzN
incompta N.E. Br.N
laburnifolia L. subsp. australis (Baker f.) PolhillSEDescription
laburnifolia L. subsp. laburnifolia NDescription, Image
lotoides Benth.SE
microcarpa Hochst. ex Benth.?Description, Image
ochroleuca G. DonNDescription, Image
orientalis Burtt Davy ex I. Verd. subsp. allenii (I. Verd.) Polhill & A. Schreib.
orientalis Burtt Davy ex I. Verd. subsp. orientalis SE
pallidicaulis HarmsNDescription, Image
pisicarpa Welw. ex BakerN,SE
platysepala Harv.N,SE
podocarpa DC.N,SW,SEDescription, Image
rhodesiae Baker f.Description, Image
schinzii Baker f.SE
schlechteri Baker f.
senegalensis (Pers.) Bacle ex DC.NDescription, Image
spartioides DC.SW,SE
sphaerocarpa Perr. ex DC. subsp. sphaerocarpa N,SW,SEDescription, Image
steudneri Schweinf.NDescription, Image
virgulata Klotzsch subsp. grantiana (Harv.) PolhillSEDescription, Image
virgulata Klotzsch subsp. virgulata Description

Other sources of information about Crotalaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Caprivi: Crotalaria
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Malawi: Crotalaria
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Mozambique: Crotalaria
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Zambia: Crotalaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crotalaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Crotalaria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crotalaria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crotalaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crotalaria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crotalaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Crotalaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crotalaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Crotalaria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crotalaria
Plants of the World Online: Crotalaria
Tropicos: Crotalaria
Wikipedia: Crotalaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Crotalaria.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=714, retrieved 24 April 2024

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