G.485. Brachiaria (Trin.) Griseb.


Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Inflorescence of racemes along a central axis; spikelets single and adaxial, paired or rarely in fascicles. Spikelets plump, obtuse to acute; sometimes the lowest internode elongated and then forming a short stipe (B. nigropedata) lower glume usually shorter than spikelet; lower lemma awnless (rarely in B. nigropedata and B. serrata with a short awn point); upper lemma as long as the spikelet, coriaceous to crustaceous; apex acute, obtuse or rarely mucronulate.

Worldwide: c. 100 species in warm regions, mainly Africa

Botswana: 13 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Cnaphalocrocis trapezalis (Lined pearl)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
arrecta (T. Durand & Schinz) StentDescription, Image
brizantha (A. Rich.) StapfDescription, Image
deflexa (Schumach.) RobynsDescription, Image
dictyoneura (Fig. & De Not.) Stapf
dura Stapf
eruciformis (J.E. Sm.) Griseb.
glomerata (Stapf) A. CamusSW,SE
grossa Stapf
humidicola (Rendle) Schweick.
marlothii (Hackel) StentN,SW
nigropedata (Ficalho & Hiern) StapfDescription, Image
serrata (Thunb.) StapfDescription, Image
xantholeuca (Schinz) StapfImage

Other sources of information about Brachiaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Brachiaria
Flora of Malawi: Brachiaria
Flora of Mozambique: Brachiaria
Flora of Zambia: Brachiaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Brachiaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Brachiaria

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brachiaria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brachiaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Brachiaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brachiaria
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Brachiaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Brachiaria.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=197, retrieved 23 February 2018

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