4151.000 Commiphora Jacq.

Description of the genus

Dioecious (rarely monoecious) shrubs or trees, often spiny, outer bark often papery or peeling, inner bark greenish, often secreting aromatic resin. Flowers unisexual (rarely bisexual), usually appearing before or with the leaves. Calyx 4-lobed. Petals 4, free, spreading or recurved at apex. Stamens 8, vestigial in female flowers. Ovary 2(-3)-locular, style short, stigma capitate. Fruit containing a single stone, outer layer fleshy or leathery, splitting into 2 longitudinal valves to reveal the inner layer, attached to which is usually a pseudaril, which is often brightly coloured.

Worldwide: 190 species in warm Africa, Madagascar, Arabia to Sri lanka, Mexico and S America

Botswana: 13 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
africana (A. Rich.) Engl. var. africana NDescription
angolensis Engl.N,SWDescription
caerulea BurttDescription, Image
edulis (Klotzsch) Engl. subsp. edulis NDescription, Image
glandulosa SchinzN,SEDescription, Image
karibensis WildDescription, Image
marlothii Engl.NDescription, Image
mollis (Oliv.) Engl.N,SEDescription, Image
mossambicensis (Oliv.) Engl.NDescription, Image
pyracanthoides Engl. subsp. pyracanthoides Description, Image
schimperi (O. Berg) Engl.NDescription, Image
tenuipetiolata Engl.Description, Image
viminea Burtt Davy.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Commiphora:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Commiphora
Flora of Malawi: Commiphora
Flora of Mozambique: Commiphora
Flora of Zambia: Commiphora
Flora of Zimbabwe: Commiphora

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Commiphora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Commiphora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Commiphora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commiphora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Commiphora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Commiphora.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=811, retrieved 15 December 2019

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