5370.000 Adenia Forssk.

OPHIOCAULON Hook. f.

Description of the genus

Herbaceous or woody climbers, erect herbs, shrubs or small trees, sometimes with a grossly swollen massive trunk. Plants usually with tendrils. Stipules minute. Leaves alternate, sometimes simple and entire or variously lobed, or palmately dissected or digitate. Glands 1-2, usually present at base of lamina or at apex of petiole, sometimes elsewhere on lamina. Inflorescence axillary, cymose. Flowers unisexual or bisexual, usually greenish or yellowish. Sepals (4-)5(-6), free or partially connate into a tube. Petals (4-)5(-6). Corona poorly-developed or 0. Styles 3(-5). Capsule 3(-5)-valved. Seeds ± flattened, enclosed in an aril.

Worldwide: c.93 species, found in Africa, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka and Malaysia.

Botswana: 5 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Acraea oncaea (Window acraea or Rooibok)
Cadarena Pudoraria
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
digitata (Harv.) Engl.SW,SEDescription, Image
fruticosa Burtt Davy subsp. simplicifolia W.J. de WildeDescription, Image
glauca SchinzSEDescription, Image
repanda (Burch.) Engl.Description, Image
spinosa Burtt DavyDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Adenia:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Adenia
Flora of Malawi: Adenia
Flora of Mozambique: Adenia
Flora of Zambia: Adenia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Adenia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Adenia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Adenia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Adenia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Adenia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Adenia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adenia
JSTOR Plant Science: Adenia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Adenia
Plants of the World Online: Adenia
Tropicos: Adenia
Wikipedia: Adenia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Adenia.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=989, retrieved 14 June 2024

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