Panicum heterostachyum Hack.

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Panicum heterostachyum

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Nsumbu National Park; Nsama Distr., Northern Province

Panicum heterostachyum

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Nsumbu National Park; Nsama Distr., Northern Province

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Common names:
Status: Native
Annual with erect or ascending culms 20-80 cm. long; leaf lamina 8-12 cm. long and 10-25(40) mm. wide, ovate or narrowly-ovate, thin, acute to acuminate; panicle 4-15 cm. long, much-branched, branches rather stiff and bearing conspicuous glandular patches; spikelets 1.5 mm. long, asymmetrically ovate, sparsely to densely pubescent or hairy; inferior glume as long as spikelet, 3-nerved; superior glume 5-nerved; inferior lemma hyaline, 5-nerved, its palea moderately developed, sterile; superior lemma and palea membranous, not glossy, scaberulous.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Bushland or savanna
Flowering time:Mar - May
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 34.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 142.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 28.

Other sources of information about Panicum heterostachyum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Panicum heterostachyum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Panicum heterostachyum
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum heterostachyum
Flora of Zambia: Panicum heterostachyum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum heterostachyum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum heterostachyum
African Plant Database: Panicum heterostachyum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum heterostachyum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum heterostachyum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum heterostachyum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum heterostachyum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum heterostachyum
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum heterostachyum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum heterostachyum
Plants of the World Online: Panicum heterostachyum
Tropicos: Panicum heterostachyum
Wikipedia: Panicum heterostachyum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Panicum heterostachyum., retrieved 19 June 2024

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