G.455. Panicum L.

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Leaves: lamina variable, from linear to ovate. Inflorescence a panicle, usually much branched, but occasionally ± contracted about the primary branches. Spikelets dorsally flattened, rarely slightly gibbous; lower glume usually shorter than (rarely equal to) the spikelet; upper glume as long as, the spikelet, often with a stipe-like internode between the glumes; lower floret male or barren; its lower lemma resembling the upper glume; upper lemma crustaceous; margin involute and clasping only the edges of the palea. A generally recognisable genus but the following could be confused with it: Brachiaria deflexa, Eriochloa meyeriana, Tricholaena monachne.

Worldwide: 500 species or more in tropical and warm temperate zones

Botswana: 29 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Achaea echo (Echo moth)
Borbo fatuellus (Long-horned swift)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
arcurameum StapfSE
atrosanguineum A. Rich.N
bechuanense Bremek. & Oberm.N,SW,SE
coloratum L. var. coloratum N,SW,SE
deustum Thunb.
dregeanum NeesDescription, Image
fluviicola Steud.N
funaense Vanderyst N
gilvum Launert[DD]N
graniflorum StapfN
heterostachyum Hack.N
hirtum Lam.N
hymeniochilum NeesN
kalaharense MezN,SW,SE
lanipes MezSW,SE
madipirense MezSE
massaiense Mez
maximum Jacq.N,SWDescription, Image
merkeri Mez
miliaceum L.
novemnerve Stapf
parvifolium Lam. N
pilgerianum (Schweick.) Clayton[DD]N,SE
porphyrrhizos Steud.N
repens L.N
repentellum NapperN
schinzii Hack.SE
subalbidum KunthNImage
trichonode Launert & RenvoizeN

Other sources of information about Panicum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Panicum
Flora of Malawi: Panicum
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum
Flora of Zambia: Panicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Panicum

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Panicum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Panicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Panicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Panicum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Panicum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Panicum.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=191, retrieved 18 August 2019

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