Panicum subalbidum Kunth

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Panicum subalbidum

Photo: Mike Kennedy
Zambezi (FEOW: Upper Zambezi Floodplain)

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Synonyms: Panicum glabrescens Steud.
Panicum longijubatum (Stapf) Stapf
Panicum proliferum var. longijubatum Stapf
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust annual or short-lived perennial with soft herbaceous culms 60–200 cm. high, erect or decumbent and rooting at the lower nodes, the upper nodes sharply demarcated. Leaf laminae 20–50 cm. long and 7–15 mm. wide, linear, flat, acute or acuminate. Panicle 20–50 cm. long, ovate or oblong, sparsely to moderately branched, the tertiary and sometimes the secondary branches appressed at maturity. Spikelets (2.7)3–3.5 mm. long, narrowly ovate, acuminate; inferior glume 1/4–1/3 the length of the spikelet, broadly ovate, 1–3-nerved, obtuse or acute; superior glume 7–9-nerved; inferior lemma similar to the superior glume, sterile, its palea poorly developed or absent; superior lemma and palea pallid or dark, glossy
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Margins of rivers, lakes and swamps
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: throughout tropical Africa
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 29.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 483. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 50. As Panicum glabrescens

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 51. As Panicum longijubatum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 142.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 191.

Other sources of information about Panicum subalbidum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Panicum subalbidum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Panicum subalbidum
Flora of Malawi: Panicum subalbidum
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum subalbidum
Flora of Zambia: Panicum subalbidum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum subalbidum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum subalbidum
African Plant Database: Panicum subalbidum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum subalbidum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum subalbidum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum subalbidum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum subalbidum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum subalbidum
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum subalbidum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum subalbidum
Plants of the World Online: Panicum subalbidum
Tropicos: Panicum subalbidum
Wikipedia: Panicum subalbidum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Panicum subalbidum., retrieved 13 July 2024

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