Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle

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Synonyms: Andropogon nardus L. var. validus Stapf
Andropogon nardus L.
Cymbopogon validus (Stapf) Burtt Davy
Cymbopogon validus var. lysocladus Stapf
Common names:
Densely caespitose perennial; culms up to 240 cm high. Leaves often reddish at maturity; ligule (2.5)3.5–10 mm long, membranous, erose; laminas 20–55 cm × 3.5–9 mm, broadest at about the middle, scabrid on the margins, tapering at the apex into a thread-like point. Inflorescence 8–47 cm long, elongated and interrupted, reddish. Racemes 9–18 mm long; internodes and pedicels pilose with silvery-white hairs. Sessile spikelet 3.8–6.5 mm long, glabrous; inferior glume with a shallow V-shaped median groove, occasionally flat, winged in the upper half, notched at the apex; superior lemma linear, bifid in the upper third; awn delicate, 6.5–11 mm long, with a well developed column; anthers 1.2–3 mm long, straw-coloured to brown-red. Pedicelled spikelet male, 2.7–6.2 mm long, awnless.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Wooded grassland and forest margins, often in rocky stony and sandy soils or in clay or shale soils
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Eastern Africa from Sudan to southern Africa, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, extending eastwards to southern India, Sri Lanka and Burma.
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 18.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 12.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Page 80.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 133.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Cymbopogon nardus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cymbopogon nardus
Flora of Mozambique: Cymbopogon nardus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cymbopogon nardus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cymbopogon nardus
African Plant Database: Cymbopogon nardus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cymbopogon nardus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cymbopogon nardus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cymbopogon nardus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cymbopogon nardus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cymbopogon nardus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cymbopogon nardus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cymbopogon nardus
Plants of the World Online: Cymbopogon nardus
Tropicos: Cymbopogon nardus
Wikipedia: Cymbopogon nardus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Cymbopogon nardus., retrieved 30 May 2024

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