G.608. Cymbopogon Spreng.

Description of the genus

Perennials, rarely annual. Leaves aromatic. Inflorescence composed of short, paired racemes arranged in a dense, spherical to elongated, spatheate false panicle. Rhachis internodes and pedicels filiform, long-ciliate on both margins; lowermost sometimes swollen and barrel-shaped. Racemes deflexed at maturity, borne on subequal flattened raceme-bases; with lowermost pair of spikelets a homogamous pair. Sessile spikelet dorsally flattened; callus obtuse; lower glume with a median groove, narrowly winged on the keels, awnless; lower floret reduced to a hyaline lemma; upper floret fertile; lemma deeply 2-lobed or entire, awnless. Pedicellate spikelet male, rounded on back, awnless.

Worldwide: 56 species in the warm and tropical regions of the Old World

Botswana: 5 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
caesius (Hook. & Arn.) Stapf subsp. caesius N,SW,SEDescription
caesius (Hook. & Arn.) Stapf subsp. giganteus (Chiov.) SalesN,SWDescription
citratus (DC.) StapfDescription
nardus (L.) RendleDescription
pospischilii (K. Schum.) C.E. Hubb.N,SW,SEDescription

Other sources of information about Cymbopogon:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Cymbopogon
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cymbopogon
Flora of Malawi: Cymbopogon
Flora of Mozambique: Cymbopogon
Flora of Zambia: Cymbopogon
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cymbopogon
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cymbopogon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cymbopogon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cymbopogon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cymbopogon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cymbopogon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cymbopogon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cymbopogon
JSTOR Plant Science: Cymbopogon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cymbopogon
Plants of the World Online: Cymbopogon
Tropicos: Cymbopogon
Wikipedia: Cymbopogon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Cymbopogon.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=242, retrieved 29 May 2024

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