Cymbopogon pospischilii (K. Schum.) C.E. Hubb.

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Synonyms: Andropogon plurinodis Stapf
Andropogon pospischilii K. Schum.
Cymbopogon plurinodis (Stapf) Burtt Davy
Common names: Bitter turpentine grass (English) Mokamakama (Setswana) Mosegaseolo (Setswana) Moteko (Setswana) Rantafole (Setswana)
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial; culms up to 150 cm high. Leaves pilose with a few long hairs near the ligule only, often tinged with red; ligule 0.5–1.5 mm long; laminas 12–21 cm long, 4–5 mm wide, broadest at about the middle, switch-like, scabrid on the margins, very gradually tapering at the apex to a thread-like point. Inflorescence 17–38 cm long, elongated and ± interrupted, reddish. Racemes 10–28 mm long, tinged with red; internodes and pedicels pilose with silvery-white hairs. Sessile spikelet 4–7 mm long; inferior glume with a broad U-shaped median groove and scabrid flanges in the upper 1/4, entire at the apex; superior lemma linear, bifid to about the middle; awn 10–16 mm long, with well developed column; anthers 1.6–3(4) mm long, straw-coloured. Pedicelled spikelet 4.5–7.5 mm long.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing in lush grassland and wooded grassland, in sandy, rocky or hard loamy soils, and along roadsides
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, eastern Africa from Ethiopia to southern Africa, extending eastwards to northern Pakistan and Nepal.
Botswana distribution: N,SW,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 12.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 80 - 81.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 72 - 73. as Cymbopogon plurinodis (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 133.

Other sources of information about Cymbopogon pospischilii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Cymbopogon pospischilii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cymbopogon pospischilii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cymbopogon pospischilii
African Plant Database: Cymbopogon pospischilii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cymbopogon pospischilii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cymbopogon pospischilii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cymbopogon pospischilii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cymbopogon pospischilii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cymbopogon pospischilii
JSTOR Plant Science: Cymbopogon pospischilii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cymbopogon pospischilii
Plants of the World Online: Cymbopogon pospischilii
Tropicos: Cymbopogon pospischilii
Wikipedia: Cymbopogon pospischilii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Cymbopogon pospischilii., retrieved 19 June 2024

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