Ormocarpum trichocarpum (Taub.) Engl.

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Ormocarpum trichocarpum

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
On the Top dam wall of Huntsman Farm, 56 km peg Nkai Rd.

Ormocarpum trichocarpum

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
On the Top dam wall of Huntsman Farm, 56 km peg Nkai Rd.

Ormocarpum trichocarpum

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
On the Top dam wall of Huntsman Farm, 56 km peg Nkai Rd.

Ormocarpum trichocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Masvingo road c. 5 km North of Mvuma

Ormocarpum trichocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Masvingo road c. 5 km North of Mvuma

Ormocarpum trichocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Masvingo road c. 5 km North of Mvuma

Ormocarpum trichocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Masvingo road c. 5 km North of Mvuma

Ormocarpum trichocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Masvingo road c. 5 km North of Mvuma

Ormocarpum trichocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Masvingo road c. 5 km North of Mvuma

Ormocarpum trichocarpum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Belingwe.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ormocarpum setosum Burtt Davy
Saldania acanthocarpa Sim
Common names: Hairy caterpillar-pod (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree, to 5 m. Bark dark brown, fissured, corky; young branches often with white hairs. Leaves clustered on dwarf spur branchlets, imparipinnate with 7-15 leaflets; leaflets elliptic-oblong, small, 3-11 × 1.5-3.5 mm, undersurface often with white hairs and densely covered with very small black dots; apex mucronate. Flowers in 1-4-flowered clusters, mauve-pink to violet. Fruit a very distinct small pod, resembling a caterpillar, up to 5 cm long, ± straight or curved, densely covered in long, stiff, swollen-based golden hairs, many over 3 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: trichocarpum: hairy-fruited
Habitat: In stony places and on rocky hillsides in hot, dry areas.
Flowering time:Sep - Jan
Worldwide distribution: From Sudan and Ethiopia to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and Swaziland.
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 323. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 27. As Ormocarpum krichocarpum (spelling error)

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 224.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 246.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 50.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 70.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 26. (Includes a picture).

Verdcourt, B. (2000). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6) Pages 54 - 55.

Other sources of information about Ormocarpum trichocarpum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ormocarpum trichocarpum
Flora of Mozambique: Ormocarpum trichocarpum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ormocarpum trichocarpum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ormocarpum trichocarpum
African Plant Database: Ormocarpum trichocarpum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ormocarpum trichocarpum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ormocarpum trichocarpum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ormocarpum trichocarpum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ormocarpum trichocarpum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ormocarpum trichocarpum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ormocarpum trichocarpum
iNaturalist: Ormocarpum trichocarpum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ormocarpum trichocarpum
JSTOR Plant Science: Ormocarpum trichocarpum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ormocarpum trichocarpum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ormocarpum trichocarpum
Plants of the World Online: Ormocarpum trichocarpum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ormocarpum trichocarpum
Tropicos: Ormocarpum trichocarpum
Wikipedia: Ormocarpum trichocarpum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Ormocarpum trichocarpum.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=130370, retrieved 17 September 2019

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