Pleurolobus salicifolius (Poir.) H. Ohashi & K. Ohashi
var. salicifolius

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Pleurolobus salicifolius var. salicifolius

Photo: Jo Bogaerts
Near Nata

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Synonyms: Desmodium paleaceum Guill. & Perr.
Desmodium salicifolium (Poir.) DC.
Hedysarum salicifolium Poir.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect somewhat woody shrubby herb up to 3.5 m tall. Stems hairy. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets oblong-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, 3–17.5 cm long, hairless on upper surface except for the midrib, appressed-hairy on the main veins beneath; petiole up to 6 cm long, sometimes rather thick and channelled; stipules ovate-lanceolate, 7–18 mm long, ciliate, persistent. Inflorescences terminal, fairly lax in this variety, 9–30 cm long, finely hairy; peduncle 10–25 mm long; pedicels 2.5–4.5 mm long. Calyx with tube 1 mm long; lobes 1.5–2 mm long, triangular, finely hairy. Standard pinkish-purple becoming blue, or white, yellow or greenish-yellow, obovate, 6.5 mm long; wings pink, purple or yellow-green, mauve at apex, keel pink or yellowish-green. Fruits 3–4.5 cm long, consisting of 3–7 oblong, only slightly constricted articles, each 4.5–8.5 mm long, distinctly thickened at the margins, finely hairy and with raised veining when mature.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: salicifolium: leaves like a willow (Salix sp.)
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland and mixed deciduous woodland, particularly by rivers and lakes, in floodplain grassland or papyrus swamps, sometimes on muddy soils by open water.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands.
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 5 January 2021
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 34 - 35. as Desmodium salicifolium (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 157. as Desmodium salicifolium

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 20. as Desmodium salicifolium densiflorum

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 67. as Desmodium salicifolium salicifolium

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 219. as Desmodium salicifolium

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 47. as Desmodium salicifolium

Ohashi, H. & Ohashi, K. (2019). Desmodium (Leguminosae Tribe Desmodieae) of Africa, Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands Journal of Japanese Botany 94(3) Page 145. as Desmodium salicifolium salicifolium

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 59. as Desmodium salicifolium salicifolium

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 150 - 151. as Desmodium salicifolium (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 64. as Desmodium salicifolium

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 98. as Desmodium salicifolium

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 211. as Desmodium salicifolium

Verdcourt, B. (2000). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6) Pages 5 - 19. as Desmodium salicifolium (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Pleurolobus salicifolius var. salicifolius:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Pleurolobus salicifolius var. salicifolius
Flora of Malawi: Pleurolobus salicifolius var. salicifolius
Flora of Mozambique: Pleurolobus salicifolius var. salicifolius
Flora of Zambia: Pleurolobus salicifolius var. salicifolius
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pleurolobus salicifolius var. salicifolius

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pleurolobus salicifolius
African Plant Database: Pleurolobus salicifolius
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pleurolobus salicifolius
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pleurolobus salicifolius
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pleurolobus salicifolius
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pleurolobus salicifolius
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pleurolobus salicifolius
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pleurolobus salicifolius
iNaturalist: Pleurolobus salicifolius
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pleurolobus salicifolius
JSTOR Plant Science: Pleurolobus salicifolius
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pleurolobus salicifolius
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pleurolobus salicifolius
Plants of the World Online: Pleurolobus salicifolius
Tropicos: Pleurolobus salicifolius
Wikipedia: Pleurolobus salicifolius


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Pleurolobus salicifolius var. salicifolius.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=130850, retrieved 24 June 2021

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