Pterocarpus angolensis DC.

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Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd near Altar Site, Mutare

Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Petra Ballings
Gardiner, Arcturus

Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Pterocarpus erinaceus sensu auct.
Common names: Bloodwood (English) Mukwa (English)
Status: Native
Medium to large deciduous tree. Bark dark grey to brown, rough and fissured. Leaves imparipinnate with 5-9 pairs of alternate to subopposite leaflets; leaflets elliptic-lanceolate to obovate, 2.5-7 cm, dark green above, paler below, hairy when young; apex tapering to a bristle-like tip. Flowers in large, branched sprays, orange-yellow, appearing before the leaves. Fruit a very distinctive circular pod, covered in long bristles over the seed case and surrounded by a large membranous wing.
Derivation of specific name: angolensis: of Angola
Habitat: On well drained soils in grassland and woodland.
Flowering time:Aug - Dec
Worldwide distribution: D.R. Congo, Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Zambia, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Angola
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. and Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 52 - 55. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 167. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 30.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 329 - 333. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 45.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 238 - 239. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 225.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 246.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 146 - 149. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 71.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 132 - 133. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 26. as Pterocarpus erinaceus

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 102.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 213.

Other sources of information about Pterocarpus angolensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora of Malawi: Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora of Mozambique: Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora of Zambia: Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pterocarpus angolensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pterocarpus angolensis
African Plant Database: Pterocarpus angolensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pterocarpus angolensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pterocarpus angolensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pterocarpus angolensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pterocarpus angolensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pterocarpus angolensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pterocarpus angolensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pterocarpus angolensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Pterocarpus angolensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Pterocarpus angolensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pterocarpus angolensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pterocarpus angolensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Pterocarpus angolensis
Tropicos: Pterocarpus angolensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Pterocarpus angolensis., retrieved 23 April 2018

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