Strychnos usambarensis Gilg

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Strychnos usambarensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Strychnos usambarensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

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Synonyms: Strychnos micans S. Moore
Common names: Blue bitter-berry (English) Stipe-fruited strychnos (English)
Shrub or small tree, sometimes climbing. Leaves opposite, held in one plane, ovate to elliptic with a very distinct drip-tip, glossy dark green above, 3-5-veined from the base. Flowers very small, in axillary clusters, whitish to yellowish-green, sweetly scented. Fruits soft-shelled, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, yellow when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: usambarensis: of the Usambara Mountains, Tanzania
Flowering time:Jan - May
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa to KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape, South Africa
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 779. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 34.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. (1983). Loganiaceae (inc. Buddlejaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 373 - 374.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 59.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 108.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 26.

Other sources of information about Strychnos usambarensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Strychnos usambarensis
Flora of Mozambique: Strychnos usambarensis
Flora of Zambia: Strychnos usambarensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Strychnos usambarensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strychnos usambarensis
African Plant Database: Strychnos usambarensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strychnos usambarensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos usambarensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strychnos usambarensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Strychnos usambarensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos usambarensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos usambarensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strychnos usambarensis
Plants of the World Online: Strychnos usambarensis
Tropicos: Strychnos usambarensis
Wikipedia: Strychnos usambarensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Strychnos usambarensis., retrieved 21 July 2024

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