Vernonia amygdalina Delile

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Vernonia amygdalina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

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Synonyms: Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. ex Walp.
Vernonia randii S. Moore
Common names: Bitter-tea vernonia (English) Tree vernonia (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. The leaves are lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, usually about 4 times as long as wide, glabrous or with sparse hairs; petiole short, up to 2 cm; net-veining conspicuous; margin entire or finely toothed. Capitula forming clusters up to 15 cm, creamy white, occasionally tinged with mauve; sweetly scented, particularly at night. The small fruits have both small glands and hairs as well as a pappus of bristly hairs.
Derivation of specific name:
Flowering time:May - Sep
Worldwide distribution:
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Estigmene linea (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 109.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 277.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 70 - 71. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 54 - 55. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 39.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 84. As Vernonia randii (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 200.

Other sources of information about Vernonia amygdalina:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Vernonia amygdalina
Flora of Malawi: Vernonia amygdalina
Flora of Mozambique: Vernonia amygdalina
Flora of Zambia: Vernonia amygdalina
Flora of Zimbabwe: Vernonia amygdalina

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vernonia amygdalina
African Plant Database: Vernonia amygdalina
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Vernonia amygdalina
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vernonia amygdalina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vernonia amygdalina
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vernonia amygdalina
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vernonia amygdalina
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vernonia amygdalina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vernonia amygdalina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vernonia amygdalina
Ispot Southern Africa: Vernonia amygdalina
JSTOR Plant Science: Vernonia amygdalina
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vernonia amygdalina
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vernonia amygdalina
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vernonia amygdalina
Tropicos: Vernonia amygdalina

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Vernonia amygdalina., retrieved 27 April 2018

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