Sphaeranthus flexuosus O. Hoffm.

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Sphaeranthus flexuosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare

Sphaeranthus flexuosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare

Sphaeranthus flexuosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, nr cnr Lanner Ave/Teviotdale Ave

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Common names:
Status: Native
Small glandular annual herb, up to 25 cm. Stems prostrate to ascending, up to 60 cm long, covered in long hairs; wings absent or occurring for only a short distance below the leaves. Leaves variable, up to 6.5 cm long, cordate and clasping the stem at the base, densely hairy, particularly on the veins; margin entire or toothed, sometimes lobed. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, globose up to c. 10 mm in diameter on glandular hairy peduncles up to 6 cm long. Florets purple.
Derivation of specific name: flexuosus: zigzag, much bent (probably referring to the stem)
Habitat: In wet grassy places and vlei margins; also a colonist of cultivated areas
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Nigeria, Cameroon, DRC, Sudan, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Caprivi-Namibia and Angola.
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 28.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 38.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 200.

Wild, H. (1980). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area, 12. Inuleae (continued). Kirkia 12(1) Pages 103 - 104.

Other sources of information about Sphaeranthus flexuosus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Sphaeranthus flexuosus
Flora of Malawi: Sphaeranthus flexuosus
Flora of Mozambique: Sphaeranthus flexuosus
Flora of Zambia: Sphaeranthus flexuosus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sphaeranthus flexuosus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sphaeranthus flexuosus
African Plant Database: Sphaeranthus flexuosus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sphaeranthus flexuosus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sphaeranthus flexuosus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sphaeranthus flexuosus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sphaeranthus flexuosus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sphaeranthus flexuosus
JSTOR Plant Science: Sphaeranthus flexuosus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sphaeranthus flexuosus
Plants of the World Online: Sphaeranthus flexuosus
Tropicos: Sphaeranthus flexuosus
Wikipedia: Sphaeranthus flexuosus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Sphaeranthus flexuosus.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=159270, retrieved 25 July 2024

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