Sclerocarpus africanus Jacq.

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Sclerocarpus africanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near to the (closed) restaurant, Sinamatella, Hwange NP

Sclerocarpus africanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near to the (closed) restaurant, Sinamatella, Hwange NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Erect annual herb, 15-120 cm tall. Leaves opposite lower on the stem, alternate higher up, ovate, 3-12 cm long, with rough short hairs on both surfaces; margin scalloped or toothed; petiole up to 4 cm long. Capitula terminal. Involucre with c. 5 spreading leaf-like green bracts up to 3 cm long. Disk-florets greenish-yellow with a bulging bract around the ovary conspicuous in fruit. Ray-florets few or absent, yellow, spathulate.
Derivation of specific name: africanus: African
Habitat: In sandy soils in woodland and bush or along river banks and lake shores.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa.
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Beentje, H.J. & Ghazanfar, S.A. (eds.) (2005). Compositae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 757 - 759. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 222. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 28.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 33.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 39. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 38.

Wild, H. (1967). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 1. Heliantheae. Kirkia 6(1) Pages 37 - 38.

Other sources of information about Sclerocarpus africanus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Sclerocarpus africanus
Flora of Malawi: Sclerocarpus africanus
Flora of Mozambique: Sclerocarpus africanus
Flora of Zambia: Sclerocarpus africanus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sclerocarpus africanus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sclerocarpus africanus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sclerocarpus africanus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sclerocarpus africanus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sclerocarpus africanus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sclerocarpus africanus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sclerocarpus africanus
JSTOR Plant Science: Sclerocarpus africanus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sclerocarpus africanus
Plants of the World Online: Sclerocarpus africanus
Tropicos: Sclerocarpus africanus
Wikipedia: Sclerocarpus africanus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Sclerocarpus africanus., retrieved 24 July 2024

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