Harpagophytum procumbens (Burch.) DC. ex Meisn.
subsp. procumbens

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Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten

Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten

Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten

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Synonyms: Harpagophytum burchellii Decne.
Uncaria procumbens Burch.
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb with prostrate stems growing from a succulent taproot. Leaves narrowly ovate, up to 6.5 cm long, pinnately lobed with 5 main lobes. Flowers purple with yellow inside throat. Fruit with 4 rows of curved arms bearing recurved spines, longest arms 2-5 times the width of the body of the capsule; total diameter of fruit up to 15 cm.
Notes: This subspecies is the common taxon in Botswana. It differs from subsp. transvaalense by the narrower, more divided leaves and the fruit with more and longer arms.
Derivation of specific name: procumbens: with stems lying along the ground
Habitat: In bush savanna in deep sand, often in overgrazed areas.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Namibia, Botswana and South Africa.
Botswana distribution: N,SW,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 17 July 2016

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Botswana Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 19. As Harpagophytum procumbens

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 181. (Includes a picture).

Ihlenfeldt, H.-D. (1988). Pedaliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Page 111. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 91.

Other sources of information about Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. procumbens:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Harpagophytum procumbens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Harpagophytum procumbens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Harpagophytum procumbens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Harpagophytum procumbens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Harpagophytum procumbens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Harpagophytum procumbens
JSTOR Plant Science: Harpagophytum procumbens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Harpagophytum procumbens
Plants of the World Online: Harpagophytum procumbens
Tropicos: Harpagophytum procumbens
Wikipedia: Harpagophytum procumbens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Harpagophytum procumbens subsp. procumbens.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=216970, retrieved 17 June 2024

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