Ximenia americana L
var. americana

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Common names:
Status: ?Native
See var. microphylla.
Notes: Some literature suggests that var. americana is occurs in Namibia and Botswana while var. microphylla is found elsewhere in the region including nearby western Zimbabwe and southern Zambia. Other sources however state that both varieties are present in Namibia and Botswana and are difficult to tell apart. In southeastern Botswana both varieties are even said to overlap. As specimens found in Caprivi all were distinctly grey-green with smallish leaves they appear to match well with var. microphylla we have decided to place all material in that variety.
Derivation of specific name:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Botswana distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 72 - 73. (Includes a picture).

Garcia, J.G. (1963). Olacaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 329 - 330. As Ximenia americana (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 90.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 220.

Other sources of information about Ximenia americana var. americana:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Ximenia americana var. americana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ximenia americana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ximenia americana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ximenia americana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ximenia americana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ximenia americana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ximenia americana
JSTOR Plant Science: Ximenia americana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ximenia americana
Plants of the World Online: Ximenia americana
Tropicos: Ximenia americana
Wikipedia: Ximenia americana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Ximenia americana var. americana.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=216980, retrieved 25 April 2024

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