2136.000 Ximenia L.

Description of the genus

Root-parasitic shrubs or small trees, usually with axillary spines. Leaves obtuse or mucronulate. Flowers axillary. Calyx 4(-5)-lobed, not accrescent. Petals 4(-5), linear-oblong, later recurved, densely bearded within, ± glabrous outside. Stamens 8 (in ours); staminodes 0. Fruit a drupe with a large stone.

Derivation of name: after Francisco Ximenez, a Spanish monk who wrote about the plants of Mexico in the 17th century

Worldwide: 8 species in the tropics.

Botswana: 4 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
americana L. var. microphylla Welw. ex Oliv.N,SW,SEDescription, Image
americana L var. americana Description
caffra Sond. var. caffra N,SW,SEDescription, Image
caffra Sond. var. natalensis Sond.Description

Other sources of information about Ximenia:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Ximenia
Flora of Malawi: Ximenia
Flora of Mozambique: Ximenia
Flora of Zambia: Ximenia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ximenia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ximenia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ximenia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ximenia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ximenia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ximenia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ximenia
JSTOR Plant Science: Ximenia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ximenia
Plants of the World Online: Ximenia
Tropicos: Ximenia
Wikipedia: Ximenia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Ximenia.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=507, retrieved 28 May 2024

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