Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Asterales

Campanulaceae - Bellflower family


Thulin, M. (1983) Campanulaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1)

Description of the family

Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs, with milky latex. Stipules 0. Leaves alternate, sometimes mostly basal, very rarely opposite or whorled, usually simple. Inflorescence cymose, racemose or flowers solitary. Bracts present, usually with 2 bracteoles. Flowers bisexual (rarely unisexual), actinomorphic or zygomorphic, sometimes resupinate, usually 5-merous. Sepals fused into a tube. Petals united to varying degrees into a tube, sometimes ± free, sometimes 2-lipped, rarely 1-lipped, often blue. Stamens 5, borne around the base of the style. Ovary ± inferior, rarely superior, (1-)2-10-locular. Style 1. Fruit a capsule (in ours).

Worldwide: 82 genera and 2000 species (including Lobeliaceae), cosmopolitan

Botswana: 6 genera and 14 taxa.

No image yet

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Cyphia P.J. BergiusDescription
Gunillaea ThulinDescription, Image
Lobelia L.Description, Image
Monopsis Salisb.Description, Image
Prismatocarpus L'Hér.Description
Wahlenbergia Schrad. ex RothDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Campanulaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Campanulaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Campanulaceae
Flora of Malawi: Campanulaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Campanulaceae
Flora of Zambia: Campanulaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Campanulaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Campanulaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Campanulaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Campanulaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Campanulaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Campanulaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Campanulaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Campanulaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Campanulaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Campanulaceae
Wikipedia: Campanulaceae
Plants of the World Online: Campanulaceae
Tropicos: Campanulaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Family page: Campanulaceae.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=44, retrieved 21 July 2024

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