8094.000 Justicia L.

ADHATODA Mill.

BELOPERONE Nees

JACOBINIA Nees ex Moricand

MONECHMA Hochst.

Hedrén, M. (1989) Justicia sect. Harnieria (Acanthaceae) in Tropical Africa Acta. Univ. Ups. Symb. Bot. Ups. 29(1) 1-141

Hedrén, M. (1990) The Justicia elegantula complex (Acanthaceae) in tropical Africa Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 103(3) 263-280

Kelbessa, E. (1990) Justicia Sect. Ansellia (Acanthaceae) Acta. Univ. Ups. Symb. Bot. Ups. 29(2) 1-96

Description of the genus

Shrubs or annual or perennial herbs. Leaves simple, opposite, entire. Inflorescences cymose. Bract (0-)1. Bracteoles 2. Calyx 4-5-lobed, to near the base. Corolla 2-lipped; upper lip very shortly 2-lobed; lower deeply 3-lobed with raised palate. Stamens 2; thecae 2, lower with a well-defined whitish tail. Ovary 2-locular with 2 ovules per loculus. Capsule cylindric or clavate, (1-)4-seeded. Seeds usually rough.

Derivation of name: Named after James Justice (1698-1763), a Scottish nurseryman

Worldwide: c. 600 species in tropical and warm countries and temperate N America

Botswana: 13 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Calaenorrhinus galenus (Orange Flat, Orange Sprite)
Sarangesa motozi (Forest elfin)
Zizula hylax (Gaika blue)
Justicia scandens

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
australis (P.G. Mey.) VollesenSW
betonica L.N,SEDescription, Image
exigua S. MooreN,SEDescription, Image
flava (Vahl) VahlSEDescription, Image
heterocarpa T. Anderson subsp. dinteri (S. Moore) HedrénN,SEDescription, Image
incana (Nees) T. AndersonSW,SE
kirkiana T. AndersonNDescription, Image
matammensis (Schweinf.) Oliv. NDescription, Image
odora (Forssk.) Lam.N,SEDescription, Image
petiolaris (Nees) T. AndersonSE
puberula Immelman
rhodesiana S. MooreSE
scandens VahlNDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Justicia:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Justicia
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Justicia
Flora of Malawi: Justicia
Flora of Mozambique: Justicia
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Justicia
Flora of Zambia: Justicia
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Justicia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Justicia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Justicia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Justicia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Justicia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Justicia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Justicia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Justicia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Justicia
JSTOR Plant Science: Justicia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Justicia
Plants of the World Online: Justicia
Tropicos: Justicia
Wikipedia: Justicia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Justicia.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1357, retrieved 25 June 2024

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