Justicia exigua S. Moore

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Justicia exigua

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd

Justicia exigua

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd

Justicia exigua

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Slender annual herb. Stems ascending to erect, up to 40 cm high, often purple-tinged, with opposite lines of short hairs along the length. Leaves opposite, elliptic up to 3.5cm long, ciliate hairy along the margin and often a fringe of longer hairs near the base. Flowers in 3-7-flowered spikes in the upper leaf axils, white with mauve-purple markings in midlobe of the lip.
Notes: See J. matammensis for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: exigua: small, meagre, poor
Habitat: In a wide variety of open, often disturbed, habitats.
Flowering time:Throughout the year
Worldwide distribution: Sudan, Ethiopia, NE DRC, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, South Africa.
Botswana distribution: N,SE
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 193 - 194.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 331. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 18.

Other sources of information about Justicia exigua:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Justicia exigua
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Justicia exigua
Flora of Mozambique: Justicia exigua
Flora of Zambia: Justicia exigua
Flora of Zimbabwe: Justicia exigua

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Justicia exigua
African Plant Database: Justicia exigua
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Justicia exigua
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Justicia exigua
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Justicia exigua
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Justicia exigua
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Justicia exigua
JSTOR Plant Science: Justicia exigua
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Justicia exigua
Plants of the World Online: Justicia exigua
Tropicos: Justicia exigua
Wikipedia: Justicia exigua

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Justicia exigua.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=154440, retrieved 26 May 2024

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