Justicia matammensis (Schweinf.) Oliv.

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Justicia matammensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Justicia matammensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Umvumvumvu bridge, road from Mutare to Birchenough Bridge.

Justicia matammensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near main road, Maleme Dam, Matobo National Park

Justicia matammensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near main road, Maleme Dam, Matobo National Park

Justicia matammensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
West of Masvingo on road to Zvishavane

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Adhatoda matammensis Schweinf.
Common names:
Status: Native
Straggling or creeping annual herb, up to 40 cm high. Stems erect or decumbent, rooting at the lower nodes, densely covered in spreading hairs. Leaves more or less broadly lanceolate, more or less hairy, often more so along the margins and on the veins. Inflorescences axillary, spike-like, usually 2 per node, 4-9-flowered. Corolla c. 4 mm long, white with purple or maroon lines on the lip.
Notes: See Justicia exigua for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: matammensis: of Matamma, an area on Sudanese-Ethiopian border, where the type specimen was found.
Habitat: In wooded areas, particularly in disturbed soils.
Flowering time:Throughout the year
Worldwide distribution: Burundi, NE DRC, CAR, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 19.

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 194 - 195.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 16. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 18.

Other sources of information about Justicia matammensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Justicia matammensis
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Justicia matammensis
Flora of Malawi: Justicia matammensis
Flora of Mozambique: Justicia matammensis
Flora of Zambia: Justicia matammensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Justicia matammensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Justicia matammensis
African Plant Database: Justicia matammensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Justicia matammensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Justicia matammensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Justicia matammensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Justicia matammensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Justicia matammensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Justicia matammensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Justicia matammensis
Plants of the World Online: Justicia matammensis
Tropicos: Justicia matammensis
Wikipedia: Justicia matammensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Justicia matammensis.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=154500, retrieved 26 May 2024

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