Setaria homonyma (Steud.) Chiov.

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Setaria homonyma

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haslemere Lane, Umwinsidale

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Synonyms: Panicum bongaense Pilger
Panicum homonymum Steud.
Panicum thollonii Franch.
Setaria aequalis Stapf
Setaria bongaensis (Pilger) A. Camus
Setaria kialaensis Vanderyst
Setaria microprolepis Stapf
Setaria thollonii (Franch.) Stapf.
Common names:
Loosely tufted annual, often rooting at the lower nodes. Culms 25–100 cm. Leaf laminae lanceolate, plicate, thin, flaccid, light green. Inflorescence a narrow panicle up to 20 cm long, with spikelets in two rows along the branches, these villous or sometimes merely pubescent; bristles 5–10 mm. long. Spikelets 2–2.5 mm. long, narrowly elliptic, slightly dorsally compressed. Inferior glume obtuse, 1/8–1/4 length of spikelet, superior glume 4/5 to as long as spikelet. Superior lemma rugose.
Derivation of specific name: homonyma: from Greek meaning ‘with the same name’; reference not known.
Habitat: Shady places in forest, woodland and thicket, often as a weed of cultivation
Flowering time:Jan – Feb
Worldwide distribution: India, Cameroon and Ethiopia to South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Botswana distribution: N
Growth form(s): Annual.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Astle, W.L., Phiri, P.S.M. & Prince, S.D. (1997). Annotated checklist of the flowering plants and ferns of the South Luangwa National Park, Zambia. Kirkia 16(2)

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 361.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 51.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 105 - 107. (Includes a picture).

Fanshawe, D.B. (1968). The vegetation of Zambian termitaria. Kirkia 6(2)

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 58.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 144.

Smith, P.P. (1997). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of the North Luangwa National Park, Zambia. Kirkia 16(2):

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 192.

Other sources of information about Setaria homonyma:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Setaria homonyma
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Setaria homonyma
Flora of Malawi: Setaria homonyma
Flora of Mozambique: Setaria homonyma
Flora of Zambia: Setaria homonyma
Flora of Zimbabwe: Setaria homonyma

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Setaria homonyma
African Plant Database: Setaria homonyma
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Setaria homonyma
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Setaria homonyma
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Setaria homonyma
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Setaria homonyma
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Setaria homonyma
JSTOR Plant Science: Setaria homonyma
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Setaria homonyma
Plants of the World Online: Setaria homonyma
Tropicos: Setaria homonyma
Wikipedia: Setaria homonyma

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Species information: Setaria homonyma., retrieved 17 June 2024

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