459.000 Cyperus L.



Description of the genus

Perennial, less often annual, herbs, tufted or with rhizomes or stolons, sometimes producing tubers or bulbs. Culms usually triangular. Leaves usually at or near the base of the culm, the culm base sometimes swollen, 3-ranked, linear and grass-like, the lower ones often scale-like. Inflorescence terminal, often a subumbel-like anthela or congested into a dense head; subtended by leaf-like involucral bracts. Spikelets 1-many-flowered. Glumes distichous. Perianth 0. Stamens 1-3. Stigmas 2-3, if 2, then nutlet dorsally flattened. Fruit a nutlet, usually dorsally flattened.

Worldwide: c. 300 species in warm and tropical countries

Botswana: 47 taxa.

No image yet

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
albostriatus Schrad.Description, Image
alopecuroides Rottb.Image
amabilis VahlDescription, Image
articulatus L.Description, Image
breviradius sensu Vorster ms.
chersinus (N.E.Br.) Kük.
clavinux C.B. Clarke
compressus L.Description, Image
cuspidatus Kunth
cyperoides (L.) KuntzeDescription, Image
deciduus Boeckeler
denudatus L.f. var. denudatus Description, Image
difformis L.Description, Image
digitatus Roxb. subsp. auricomus (Sieber ex Spreng.) Kük.Description, Image
distans L.f.Description, Image
dives Delile
dubius Rottb.Description, Image
esculentus L.Description, Image
fulgens sensu Vorster ms.
hamulosus M. Bieb.
haspan L.
imbricatus Retz.NDescription, Image
involucratus Rottb.Description, Image
iria L.N,SEDescription, Image
kirkii C.B. Clarke
laevigatus L.Description, Image
latifolius Poir.N
leptocladus Kunth
longus L. var. tenuiflorus (Rottb.) Kük.Description, Image
longus L. var. longus N
maculatus Boeckeler
margaritaceus VahlImage
marlothii Boeckeler
obtusiflorus Vahl var. obtusiflorus Image
papyrus L.Description, Image
pectinatus VahlDescription, Image
pseudovestitus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.
rotundus L.NDescription, Image
rupestris Kunth
schinzii Boeckeler
sphaerospermus Schrad.
squarrosus L.Description, Image
tenuiculmis Boeckeler
tenuispica Steud.
turrillii Kük.Description, Image
vestitus Hochst. ex C. Krauss
zollingeri Steud.

Other sources of information about Cyperus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Cyperus
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cyperus
Flora of Malawi: Cyperus
Flora of Mozambique: Cyperus
Flora of Zambia: Cyperus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cyperus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cyperus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyperus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyperus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyperus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyperus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cyperus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyperus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyperus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyperus
Plants of the World Online: Cyperus
Tropicos: Cyperus
Wikipedia: Cyperus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Botswana: Genus page: Cyperus.
https://www.botswanaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=267, retrieved 14 June 2024

Site software last modified: 12 October 2020 10:40pm
Terms of use